Gideon Lincecum

Male - 1783


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  • Name Gideon Lincecum  [1
    Born France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Gender Male 
    Died Between 1775 and 1783  [3
    Person ID I5879  My Genealogy
    Last Modified 22 Feb 2020 

    Father Paschal Linseycomb,   b. Between 1689 and 1720, France Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother A French Woman,   b. Abt 1720 
    Relationship natural 
    Married France Find all individuals with events at this location  [2
    Family ID F2049  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Miriam Bowie,   b. Between 1725 and 1749, Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1813, Eatonton, Putnam, Georgia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 88 years) 
    Married Abt 1760  Maryland, USA Find all individuals with events at this location 
    Children 
     1. John Lincecum,   b. Bef 1769,   d. 1781, Cowpens, Spartanburg, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 12 years)  [natural]
     2. Edward Lincecum,   b. Between 1762 and 1769, Orange, North Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Jan 1781, Cowpens, Spartanburg, South Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 19 years)  [natural]
     3. Nancy Lincecum,   b. Between 1768 and 1769, North Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. Sep 1849, Winston, Mississippi, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age ~ 81 years)  [natural]
     4. Dolly Lincecum,   b. Between 1766 and 1769, Orange, North Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [natural]
     5. Hezekiah Lincecum,   b. 1770, Warren, Georgia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 4 Mar 1839, Lowndes, Mississippi, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 69 years)  [natural]
     6. Sarah Lincecum,   b. Bef 1769, North Carolina, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 1803, Tennessee, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age > 34 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 22 Feb 2020 
    Family ID F2050  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - Abt 1760 - Maryland, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • - Gideon and Miriam eloped and settled on the Saluda River in colony of South Carolina. They remained there fifteen years...

      "Pascal thought the Bowies were pretentious and was not pleased with Gideon's engagement. Meanwhile, according to Gideon Lincecum II, Miriam's brother 'could not consent for his beautiful, young and highly accomplished sister to become the wife of a frog-eating Frenchman.' Since both sets of parents objected, Gideon and Miriam eloped." [Judy Jacobson, Alabama & Mississippi Connections]

      - Gideon and Miriam went to Warren County, Georgia in 1769. They had been married 15 years earlier in Maryland.

      - Gideon fought in the American Revolution; he was killed... Gideon was captain of a company of rangers that had been organized by the government for protection of the frontier against the Muscogee Indians, who had been hire by the British to kill and scalp the people of Georgia. Then came the Declaration of Independence and the American Revolution. Colonel Few sent an order to Captain Lincecum to collect his rangers and meet his forces. At a point a few miles from (1871's) Sparta, Hancock County, Georgia, they came to a bunch of raw hide ropes that had been dropped in the path. They dismounted. The Indians that were concealed in the switch cane rose up and fired into the crowd. Two were killed and Lincecum received a shot in the thigh. The rangers began running with the Indians following. They ran less than half a mile when the bleeding Lincecum turned and faced the approaching savages. The captain fell mortally wounded. He was badly mutilated having had five scalp trophies taken from his head. His widow, Miriam, didn't feel safe and fled to the Edgefield district of South Carolina. She remained til peace was made. Meanwhile, her two sons, Edward and John, were taken prisoner and shot soon after the Battle of Cowpens.

      - Source: Wilkes County Misc Records Book B, Folio 13 [http://files.usgwarchives.net/ga/wilkes/court/lincecum744gwl.txt]
      Written: February 10, 1784

      Gideon Lincecum Estate Inventory
      Wilkes Co., GA
      10 Feb 1784

      An Inventory of the Estate of Gideon Linecean Decd. taken this 10 day February
      1784.

      300 Acres Land £125 One Negro named Tom £60
      1 Negro woman named Hannah £50 1 Negro girl named Patt £50
      3 Feather Beads £6 12 Pewter Plates £10 6 Plates & 2 Dishes £1 15sh.
      1 axe & kittle 15sh. 1 Pegin(?) 1 Box Iron & Punch Bole(?) 1sh.
      1 Candle stick & Snuffer 3 sh.

      Appr. James Morgan
      William White
      Rezan Bowie

      April 7th 1784
      B. Heard

      GA ARCHIVES, Dr. 45/Box 20
      Wilkes Co., GA Misc. Estate Records
      Book B, 1783-1784, Register Folio (13)
      Transcribed by Bob & Linda Ellis, Duluth, GA

      Note: This appraisal is believed to have taken place approximately 7 years
      after Gideon Lincecum’s death as shortly after the skirmish with Indians in
      which Gideon was killed (c. 1777-1778) and then nearby Augusta’s first fall to
      the Tories most of the settlers in the area (including the Lincecum family,
      according to Gideon’s grandson and namesake, Gideon Lincecum, 1793-1874, the
      frontier naturalist) removed to the South Carolina side of the Savannah River
      until peace was declared (a period of nearly 7 years). According to the
      younger Gideon, the Lincecums were in the Edgefield District of SC during this
      time period.

      - Early Records of GIDEON LINCECUM, tak[en] from the "Early Records of Wilkes County, Georgia, Volume I and II"

      Folio 13--LINECEAN (sic), GIDEON, dec'd. Inventory Feb. 18, 1784. Wm. White, James Morgan, Rezan (sic) Bowie, appraisers.

      Folio 30--To MILLAY (Miriam) LINCOCEAN (sic), widow, "Whereas Gideon Lincocean (sic) late of this Co. lately died." Dec. 19, 1783. B. Heard, R. P.

      Page 53--LINICUM, MERIUM (sic) to Richard Childers 200 acres on Powells creek. Feb. 14, 1785. Thos. Ansley, James Bowie, Burrill Waller, Samuel Braswell, Test.

      Page 221--LINNIECOM (sic), HEZEKIAH and wife Sarah, to Matthew McCravey, 179 acres on Long creek part of orig. grant 1784 to said Hezekiah. Dec. 1, 1788. Henry Townsend, Jona. McCravy, James Wadsworth, Test.

      Page 101--LINDSACUM (sic), HEZEKIAH to Wm. West both of Wilkes Co., 120 acres on Ogeechee orig. grant 1784 to said Hezekiah. Oct. 27, 1788. Benj. Moore, Wm. Smith, Test.

      Volume II

      Page 180--LINCECUM, HEZEKIAH to Wm. West, 121 acres on water of Ogeechee on a creek or fork, agreeable to a plat annexed to a grant 1784 to said Linecum. Nov. 17, 1790. Jonathan McCrary, John Nugent, Andrew Burns, J. P. test.

  • Sources 
    1. [S123] Alabama Heritage Book, Pgs 428-431.
      Photocopy of those pages only, once in my possession, from Mrs. Sarah Kelly of Niceville, Florida.

    2. [S2] Jacobson, Judy, Alabama & Mississippi Connections.
      pg. 136

    3. [S2] Jacobson, Judy, Alabama & Mississippi Connections, Digital images. Jacobson, Judy. Alabama & Mississippi Connections: Historical & Biographical Sketches of Families Who Settled on Both Sides of the Tombigbee River.