James Francis Peavy Hammock

Male 1877 - 1960  (82 years)


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  • Name James Francis Peavy Hammock  [1
    Born 6 Feb 1877  Byron, Houston, Georgia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 3, 4, 5
    Gender Male 
    Died 18 Jan 1960  [6
    Buried Macon, Bibb, Georgia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [6
    • Liberty United Methodist Church Cemetery
    Person ID I2532  My Genealogy
    Last Modified 22 Feb 2020 

    Father William Warren Peavy,   b. 23 May 1849, Knoxville, Crawford, Georgia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 5 Nov 1899, Parker, Texas, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 50 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Mother Scynthia A. Hammock,   b. 27 May 1854, Georgia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 22 Aug 1905  (Age 51 years) 
    Relationship natural 
    Married 27 Apr 1876  Byron, Peach, Georgia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [2, 7
    Family ID F875  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

    Family Minnie Lewis Avant,   b. 7 Apr 1876, Georgia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 20 Dec 1959, Bibb, Georgia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  (Age 83 years) 
    Married 29 Jun 1910  Bibb, Georgia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location  [8, 9
    Children 
     1. Sara Hammock,   b. 24 May 1911, Georgia, USA Find all individuals with events at this location,   d. 17 Mar 2003  (Age 91 years)  [natural]
    Last Modified 22 Feb 2020 
    Family ID F874  Group Sheet  |  Family Chart

  • Event Map
    Link to Google MapsMarried - 29 Jun 1910 - Bibb, Georgia, USA Link to Google Earth
    Link to Google MapsBuried - - Macon, Bibb, Georgia, USA Link to Google Earth
     = Link to Google Earth 

  • Notes 
    • - F. J. was reared by his grandmother, Sarah Hammock, and assumed her name. [From HISTORY OF PEACH COUNTY, GEORGIA, Governor Treutlen Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, pub. 1972-1973, pgs. 380-384]

      - Macon Telegraph (Georgia)
      Sunday, 19 June 1910 - pg. 5 [via GenealogyBank]
      Avant - Hammock Wedding Plans.
      Friends in the city have received invitations to the marriage of Miss Minnie Lewis Avant to Mr. James Francis Hammock on the twenty-ninth of this month.

      The wedding will take place at Liberty chapel, Walden, Ga., at 6 o'clock in the afternoon. The bride will be attended by her sister, Miss Jessie Avant, as maid of honor, and her cousin, Mrs. J. L. Jessup, of Macon, as matron of honor.

      Senator J. B. Jackson, cousin of the groom, will be best man and Mr. Romno Aultman the only groomsman.

      The ushers will be Messrs. George Avant, of Walden, and Will Peavy, of Byron, Ga.

      The wedding music will be under the direction of Miss Mary Niles, of Marshallville, who will preside at the organ, and Miss Florence Niles on the violin, both cousins of the bride...

      - Macon Telegraph (Georgia)
      Monday, 28 July 1913 - pg. 1 [via GenealogyBank]
      LYNCH NEGRO WHO FIRES ON MERCHANT

      Houston Posse Is Rewarded After All-Day Search.

      STRUNG UP AT DUNBAR

      John Shake Had Shot J. F. Hammock.

      CAUGHT ROBBING STORE

      When Dunbar Merchant Interrupted Negro Burglar at His Work, Latter Fires On Him, Wounding Him in Wrist And Breast -- 100 Men Take Up Chase.

      Eighteen hours after he had shot and seriously wounded J. F. Hammock, a merchant at Dunbar, thirteen miles south of Macon, in Houston county, when interrupted while in the act of robbing the store of Hanson and Hammock, John Shake, a fifty-year-old negro, was run down by a posse composed of one hundred Houston county men and lynched yesterday afternoon about 5 o'clock, a short distance from Dunbar. His body was strung up to a tree and was riddled with bullets.

      J. F. Hammock, who was shot by the negro, is not fatally hurt, though at Williams sanitarium, in this city, last night it was stated he was weak from loss of blood and had suffered considerably from the shock. The charge from a shot gun had struck him on the left wrist, fracturing the bones and had also lodged in the breast, though the latter wound is not thought to be serious.

      Hears Noise at Store.
      It was about 11 o'clock Saturday night, an hour after the store at Dunbar had been closed, that Mr. Hammock, who lives with his wife and little daughter, three hundred yards from the store, heard a noise like someone breaking into the store. Two or three previous attempts having recently been made to burglarize the store, Mr. Hammock decided to investigate and, slipping up to the building, he saw a man inside.

      "Come out of there; I have you," Mr. Hammock shouted, but the negro did not come as directed. Instead he secured a shotgun from inside the store and, searching about, found some shells with which to load the weapon. Then he appeared in the doorway and fired. Mr. Hammock fell to the ground wounded, and the negro fled.

      Recognizes the Negro.
      Mrs. Hammock, who heard the shot, quickly ran to her husband's assistance and called for aid. Mr. Hammock had recognized the negro as John Shake, a man about 50 years of age, who had lived around Dunbar practically all of his life and who had been under suspicion for some time as the party who had attempted to rob the store before.

      A short time after the shooting a posse was formed and the search for the negro began. During the day the posse was augmented by others until it finally numbered one hundred men, all bent on running the negro down and avenging the attempt on the life of their friend and neighbor. The posse was divided into small groups of men, who were strung out across the county. Finally about 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon the negro was found in a swamp on the river bank, near Wellston, about 10 miles below Dunbar. The negro was captured and brought back to Dunbar, arriving there about 5 o'clock yesterday afternoon. He confessed that it was he who had done the shooting and without further ado he was strung up.

      Wounded Man Brought Here.
      While the posse had gone in pursuit of the negro, a call was sent to Macon for L. H. Burghard's ambulance and the injured man was brought to the Williams' sanitarium for medical attention, reaching this city at 4 o'clock yesterday morning.

      Mr. Hammock is one of the best known men of Houston county, and has a wife and little daughter. The shooting aroused his friends to a high pitch of indignation.

      - Augusta Chronicle (Georgia)
      Monday, 28 July 1913 - pg. 1 [via GenealogyBank]
      STRING HIM UP IN THE VERY HEART OF NEGRO SETTLEMENT

      Angry Georgia Mob Riddles Body of Black Who Shot Down Merchant Near Macon.

      MORE THAN 100 IN PARTY

      Members of Posse Were Forced to Wade Neck-Deep Into Water to Effect Capture of Negro -- Merchant in Serious Condition at a Macon Hospital.

      Macon, Ga., July 27. -- After an all-day's search for a negro burglar, who last night shot down J. F. Hammock, a merchant of Dunbar, fifteen miles south of here, a posse tonight captured the negro in a swamp at Wellston and after taking back to Dunbar, strung him to a pole in the heart of a negro settlement and riddled his body with bullets...

      Burglar Described.
      Persons rushing to the scene, attracted by the shooting were given a description of the burglar and started at once on the hunt. The posse gained in size until tonight when the capture was made there were more than 100 in the party. The pursuers had been led into Houston County by bloodhounds that were placed on the trail. Not far from Wellston, some fifteen miles from the scene of the crime, the dogs came to a halt at the water's edge of the swamp.

      Members of the posse waded into the water with their drawn revolvers. There in water nearly up to the negro's neck they found him.

      The negro was dragged from the swamp, placed in one of the automobiles used by the pursuers and taken to Dunbar where the lynching occurred. Several hundred shots were fired into the body of the negro.

      The negro's name was John Shake, about fifty years old, who according to Dunbar people has caused much trouble in the past and it is said has been caught in the act of attempting to break into this same store before.

      - Miami Herald (Florida)
      Monday, 28 Jult 1913 - pg. 1 [via GenealogyBank]
      CHASED WITH BLOODHOUNDS, THEN HANGED

      Fate of Negro Thief Who Mortally Wounded J. F. Hammock of Dunbar, Ga.

      NEGRO WAS CAUGHT ROBBING STORE, AND RATHER THAN BE CAUGHT EMPTIED A SHOTGUN INTO HAMMOCK'S BODY -- HAMMOCK IS IN CRITICAL CONDITION IN MACON HOSPITAL....

      - Fort Myers Daily Press (Florida)
      28 July 1913 - pg. 3 [via Newspapers.com]
      DEPLORES LYNCHING.

      Notwithstanding Victim Was Negro Who Shot Him.
      Macon, Ga., July 28. -- G. [sic] F. Hammock, a Dunbar merchant who is in the hospital here, deplores the lynching Sunday of John Shake, a negro, by a Houston county mob for shooting Hammock, while robbing his store.

      Hammock will recover.

      - Macon Telegraph (Georgia)
      Sunday, 27 August 1916 - pg. 3 [via GenealogyBank]
      Bell Motor Cars
      ...Probably before you buy you would prefer to consult a "Bell" owner, and for this reason we would be pleased for you to consult any of the following people whom we have sold "Bells."

      ...J. F. Hammock, Dunbar, Ga... [Appears to be an advertisement.]

      - For his September 1918 World War I draft registration card, James was described as standing 6 ft. tall, slender, having brown eyes and black hair. Another descriptive note: "Lame arm from gun shot wound."

  • Sources 
    1. [S201] History of Peach County, Georgia.
      Governor Treutlen Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, pub. 1972-1973, pgs. 380-384

    2. [S158] Charles Jackson.
      Fellow Researcher

    3. [S1130] 1930 Census of United States, Georgia, Houston, Upper 5th M. District, population Schedule; Online Images, E. D. No. 77-10, sheet no. 5B, dwelling 95, family 96, James F. Hammock household, accessed February 2018.
      Includes wife Minnie A. and daughter Sarah

    4. [S1133] 1880 Census of United States, Georgia, Houston, Upper Fifth Dist. (771), population Schedule; Online Images, E. D. No. 31, page no. 64, dwelling 120, family 130, J. A. Hammock household, accessed February 2018, National Archives and Records Administration credited.
      Includes wife Sarah; daughter Cinthy; and grandson Jinks

    5. [S1137] 1900 Census of United States, Georgia, Houston, 771 Upper 5th District, population Schedule; Online Images, E. D. No. 8, sheet 16B, dwelling 312, family 315, J. F. Hammock household, accessed February 2018, National Archives and Records Administration credited.
      Includes grandmother Sarah

    6. [S294] Tombstone Transcription.
      Liberty United Methodist Church Cemetery, Houston Road, Macon, Georgia

    7. [S235] Marriage Records of Houston County, Georgia.
      Dodd, Jordan, Liahona Research, comp. Georgia Marriages, 1851-1900. [database online] Provo, UT: Ancestry.com, 2000. Houston County was created in 1821 from Indian lands. The records from the county in this database cover the years 1851 through 1900. Original data: Houston County, Georgia Marriages, 1851-1900. County court records located in Perry, Georgia or Family History Library microfilm #0295991. The records for 1851-63 were extracted at the county courthouse.

    8. [S670] Georgia Marriage Records From Select Counties, 1828-1978, (digital image) James Francis Hammock m. Minnie Lewis Avant 29 June 1910 at Bibb County.

    9. [S1135] Macon Telegraph, Macon, Georgia (online archive), "Avant-Hammock Wedding Plans," issued 10 June 1910, accessed 16 February 2018, names of interest: Miss Minnie Lewis Avant and Mr. James Francis Hammock.